Dr. Iker González-Allende

Associate Professor of Spanish & Graduate Chair Modern Languages & Literatures

Iker González-Allende, Associate Professor (Ph.D. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) received his B.A. in Hispanic Philology from the University of Deusto, Spain, and his M.A. and Ph.D. in Spanish Literature from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He is the author of four books: the monograph Líneas de fuego: Género y nación en la narrativa española durante la Guerra Civil (1936-1939) (Biblioteca Nueva, 2011), the edited volume El exilio vasco: Estudios en homenaje al profesor José Ángel Ascunce Arrieta (Universidad de Deusto, 2016) and the editions of Pilar de Zubiaurre’s works, titled Evocaciones: Artículos y diario (1909-1958) (Saturrarán, 2009) and Epistolario de Pilar de Zubiaurre (1906-1970) (Támesis, 2014). He has published more than 40 articles in books and academic journals such as Hispania, Bulletin of Spanish Studies, Anales de la Literatura Española Contemporánea, Hispanic Research Journal, Revista de Estudios Hispánicos, and Bulletin of Hispanic Studies.

Fields of Specialization

  • 20th and 21st C. Spanish literatures and cultures
  • Masculinities
  • Gender and Queer Studies
  • Exile and Migration
  • National Identities
  • The Spanish Civil War
  • Basque Studies
  • Francoism and Falange
  • Memoirs and Letters

Books



Book Cover

El exilio vasco: Estudios en homenaje al Profesor José Ángel Ascunce Arrieta

Bilbao: Universidad de Deusto, 2016. 420 pages. ISBN 978-84-15759-92-8.

Table of Contents

This book offers a panoramic view of the exile that the Basque Country suffered during and after the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). The volume, written in homage to Professor José Ángel Ascunce Arrieta, includes an interview with him and fifteen contributions by renowned scholars from Europe, Latin America and the USA. The book is divided into two main parts: “General studies” and “Authors and works of the Basque exile.” The essays reveal the plurality of the Basque exile by studying both Basque nationalist authors (Aguirre, Onaindía, Oñatibia, Zaitegui, Azpiazu, the Antzerki group, Monzón, Ametzaga, Martín de Ugalde) and Republican authors (Ugarte, López Miarnau, Mansilla, Álvarez Arregui, Guilarte, Champourcin, Elío, Blanco Aguinaga, Martín Elizondo, Imaz, Larrea and Olarte). The chapters also cover all the literary genres and fields such as philosophy, periodicals, painting, film, and higher education. The topics analyzed include the traumatic memory of the war and the bombing of Gernika, homesickness and maintenance of the Basque language and national traditions, settlement and adaptation to the host country, and humanist and universal thought.



Book Cover

Epistolario de Pilar de Zubiaurre (1906-1970).

Woodbridge: Tamesis, 2014. Edition, transcription, introduction and notes. xxvi + 414 pages; 10 illustrations. ISBN 978-1-85566-276-6.

Table of Contents

This book compiles 188 unpublished letters which, from 1906 until 1970, Pilar de Zubiaurre wrote to and mostly received from numerous Hispanic intellectuals and artists, ranging from José Ortega y Gasset to Zenobia Camprubí and María Martos de Baeza. The volume is divided into three main sections, organized chronologically: letters of her youth, letters during the Spanish Civil War, and letters during exile. In the first section, which includes numerous letters from painters (e.g. Aurelio Arteta, José de Togores, Manuel Fontanals) and writers (e.g. Gabriel Miró, Azorín, Concha Méndez), we witness the active Spanish cultural life during the 20s and 30s. The second section shows the propaganda efforts of the Republican intellectuals during the Civil War, as well as the difficulties of daily life. The third section, the longest in the volume, comprises letters from fellow exiles such as Gonzalo Rodríguez Lafora and Ángel Ossorio, letters sent from Spain by relatives and friends, and letters from American intellectuals such as Susana Huntington. The letters from female friends such as Camprubí and Martos de Baeza are especially relevant because they illustrate how women in exile kept alive the Republican memory and built communicative bridges between Spain and the exile communities in America.

Reviews of Epistolario de Pilar de Zubiaurre

  • Laberintos: Revista de estudios sobre los exilios culturales españoles 17 (2015): 436-39. José Ángel Ascunce Arrieta
  • Anales de la Literatura Española Contemporánea 41.1 (2016): 251-55. María Luisa Guardiola Tey
  • Arizona Journal of Hispanic Cultural Studies 19 (2015): 293-96. Enric Bou


Book Cover

Líneas de fuego: Género y nación en la narrativa española durante la Guerra Civil (1936-1939).

Madrid: Biblioteca Nueva, 2011. 265 pages. ISBN 978-84-9940-174-4

This book investigates the associations between gender and national identity in narratives written by Spanish authors from 1936 until 1939. Relying on scholars such as Nira Yuval-Davis and George L. Mosse, this book analyzes and compares works and illustrations from the two major sides of the Spanish Civil War, Republican and Francoist. The main argument is that both groups, despite their distinct political views, in fact exhibit a marked similarity in terms of perspectives on gender. Specifically, I argue that Republican and Francoist authors create characters that conform to traditional ideas about the roles that men and women play in the construction of the nation. I also study how the texts sometimes contradict the gender division promoted in their official ideologies. Each chapter focuses on the construction of the nation in relation to a figure of war: the mother, the fiancée, the nurse, the soldier, and the enemy. In total, I analyze fourteen works, written by authors as diverse as Ernestina de Champourcin, Rafael García Serrano, Concha Espina, and Benjamín Jarnés.

Reviews of Líneas de fuego

  • Romance Quarterly 59.4 (2012): 269-70. Diana Arbaiza
  • Revista Canadiense de Estudios Hispánicos 36.2 (2012): 423-25. Jordan Tronsgard
  • Revista de Estudios Hispánicos 46.3 (2012): 586-88. Daniel Arroyo-Rodríguez
  • Letras de Deusto 42.135 (2012): 271-74. Mercedes Acillona
  • Hispania 95.4 (2012): 752-54. Sally Perret
  • Bulletin of Hispanic Studies 90.1 (2013): 111-12. Rachel Ann Linville
  • Iberoamericana 12.48 (2012): 230-32. Ana Luengo
  • Nueva Revista de Filología Hispánica 60.2 (2012): 650-53. Enrique Álvarez
  • Letras Femeninas 39.1 (2013): 204-06. Salvador Oropesa
  • Arizona Journal of Hispanic Cultural Studies 17 (2013): 265-67. Judith Caballero
  • Hispanófila 170 (2014): 164-68. Juan Carlos Martín
  • Hispanic Research Journal 15.3 (2014): 279-80. Rose Mary Abrão Nascif
  • Bulletin of Spanish Studies 91.6 (2014): 947. Jean Andrews
  • Journal of Spanish Cultural Studies 17.4 (2016): 413-15. Aintzane Rincón



Book Cover

Pilar de Zubiaurre, Evocaciones: Artículos y diario (1909-1958).

Donostia: Saturrarán, 2009. Edition, introduction and notes. 331 pages. ISBN 978-84-934455-7-7

This volume compiles the articles and diaries that Basque author Pilar de Zubiaurre wrote at the beginning of the 20th century and during her exile in Mexico, where she lived for thirty years. Zubiaurre played a decisive role in the culture of Spain during the 1920s and 30s, organizing gatherings, befriending the chief Spanish artists and literary figures of her time, and participating actively in the founding and development of the Lyceum Club Femenino in Madrid, the first cultural association of Spanish women.

The articles of this book appeared originally in the newspaper Bizkaitarra (1909-10) and in Euzko Deya (1944-58), under two different pseudonyms, probably because of Zubiaurre's fear of being publicly acknowledged. In her articles, Zubiaurre shows her wish to improve the national culture and her nostalgia of the Basque country during exile. In her diaries, written from 1913 to 1943, Zubiaurre reveals the obstacles a bourgeois woman had to face at the beginning of the twentieth century in order to pursue an artistic career. The entries Zubiaurre wrote during the Spanish Civil War illustrate her political commitment to the democratic Second Republic and prove the multiple stances women can assume during war, because along with detailed descriptions of battles and attacks against the Francoist faction, she expresses sympathy towards the mothers of dead enemy soldiers.

Reviews of Pilar de Zubiaurre, Evocaciones

  • Chasqui: Revista de Literatura Latinoamericana 39.2 (2010): 238-39. Ariana Vigil
  • Transitions: Journal of Franco-Iberian Studies 6 (2010): 121-24. Yolanda Gamboa
  • Anales de la Literatura Española Contemporánea 36.1 (2011): 291-93. Irune del Río
  • Letras de Deusto 41.130 (2011): 245-47. Mercedes Acillona



Articles & Book Chapters

Book Reviews

Graduate Courses Taught

  • Masculinities in Motion (at the Women’s and Gender Studies Program)
  • Contemporary Basque Narrative and Culture
  • 20th-21st C. Spanish Poetry
  • Introduction to Literary Criticism
  • Family and Nation in Contemporary Spanish Narrative
  • Gender Performance in 20th-century Spanish Drama
  • La España peregrina: Spanish Republican Exile Literature
  • Spanish Civil War Cultural Studies: Literature and Culture in 1936-1939
  • Peripheries and Center in 20th and 21st-century Spanish Narratives
  • Queer Spain: Gay Spanish Literature
  • Spanish Modernism, 1898-1936
  • Spanish Narrative under Franco’s Dictatorship
  • Memoirs, Diaries and Letters in 20th C. Spain

Advisor of Ph.D. students

  • Garbiñe Vidal-Torreira, La mujer frente al espejo: Representación de la edad de la mujer en cuentos de escritoras españolas del siglo XXI, defended in April 2013. Assistant Professor at Hendrix College since Fall 2013.
  • Heather Jerónimo. Forming Fam(other)hood: Queer Parenthood in 20th and 21st-Century Spanish Narrative and Film, defended in January 2014. Assistant Professor at the University of Northern Iowa since Fall 2014.

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